Coincidences of Life – Ender’s Game and a UPS Truck

UPS Truck . . . without a driver

This afternoon I was waiting at a red light (northbound on Palm at Central in Brea, CA, if the coordinates matter) and listening to the audio-book for the sci-fi novel Ender’s Game, by Orson Scott Card. Just as the light turned green, one character said to the other, “I drive a truck for the United Parcel Service.”

This struck me as odd, showing up in a work of science fiction. But stranger still, as I shifted my motorcycle into second, a UPS truck passed me in the intersection going south.

Was it a coincidence? Of course it was. It was quite literally the coinciding of an auditory reference from one source and a visual reference from another source to the same company, UPS. These sensory experiences occurred simultaneously. They each conveyed information, and the information conveyed referred to the same thing. I heard a guy say through my headset, “I drive a truck for the United Parcel Service” just as I waved to a guy driving a truck for the United Parcel Service. (Well, actually, I didn’t wave.)

Uncanny?

Sort of.

The Merriam -Webster Dictionary defines “uncanny” in this way: “seeming to have a supernatural character or origin,” or “being beyond what is normal or expected: suggesting superhuman or supernatural powers.”

The concurrence of two causally unrelated references to the same informational content attracts our attention. It is so incredibly unlikely that this would happen, it seems almost to have been planned. Was it planned? And if so, who arranged it? It might take superhuman or supernatural powers to make it happen just so. What other explanation could there be?

“Coincidence,” we say, with palpable matter-of-factness. But of course it’s a coincidence. Saying so merely reports an observation of fact. The real question is, what kind of coincidence is it? What is the explanation for this coincidence?

We do explain coincidences in various ways. Sometimes we say, “It was just a coincidence.” By this we mean that there’s nothing more to it than that, a mere coincidence, with no deep explanation. There is no intelligible cause, and no intelligent agent, involved. There is no meaningful answer to the question, “Why did this happen?”

But the question does present itself. It does to me, anyway. Trivial coincidences like this happen in my experience with remarkable frequency. I say “trivial” because I infer no special significance when they happen. And yet it is both remarkable each time it happens and remarkable that it happens as often as it does.

Why is it remarkable if the coincidence is trivial? It’s remarkable because the concurrence is so improbable. The degree of improbability varies depending on the specific character of the information presented. But the improbability of the concurrence does not, as such, warrant attribution of some special significance.

Why not?

The answer, I think, is two-fold. First, we can think of no special reason why the elements in our experience have occurred together. (Note: No one else in the intersection, I believe, actually heard or thought of the words “United Parcel Service” at that moment.) Second, we can identify no  causal mechanism that would ensure that they did occur together. In other words, there is no apparent point in their concurrence, and no obvious causal account of their concurrence. If we thought their concurrence served some purpose, we would naturally be curious about the cause. And if nothing else will serve, we might say that the cause was superhuman and personal. Given a general reluctance to attribute causes to occult entities, we require that a coincidence be specially significant. Also, if the concurrence was caused for our benefit, then we should find some benefit in their concurrence. That is, if we who experience the coincidence were meant to experience it, then there was some reason why it happened and why it happened in our experience. And this suggests that we should be capable of discerning that purpose.

What purpose could possibly have been served by the coincidence I experienced on my way home this afternoon? Nothing comes to mind. “It’s just a coincidence.”

But wait, now that I think that thought, I recall that there was a UPS package for me when I arrived home not two minutes later. Was the coincidence a warning, then? It certainly didn’t have that effect on me when it happened. In fact, when it happened, my thought was, This is something I could blog about. And in retrospect it doesn’t seem that a warning was required. The contents of the package were innocuous. Some clothing I had ordered. I don’t know if it matters, but the package wasn’t waiting on the front porch, as if it had just been delivered by the very same UPS truck. It had been carried in by another member of my household who wasn’t home. (I know she wasn’t home because no one was home. And I know it was a she because I’m the only he in the household. Aren’t you impressed with my awesome powers of deduction?)

I suppose now I might take care trying on the clothing that was delivered. But I can’t seriously entertain the notion that I’m in some kind of danger.

If there was a message, it was totally lost on me.

Could there be some other purpose, completely unrelated to my goals or interests, so that the purpose might be achieved quite apart from my cognizance of it?

(c) 2009 Katherine Gehl Donovan

Sure. A minor demon might have been taunting some innocent angel with her powers of manipulation, claiming to be able to cause me to hear “I drive a truck for the United Parcel Service” and, at the same precise moment, cause me to see a guy driving a truck for the United Parcel Service.

In that event, would it really matter whether I recognized the concurrence of the appearance of a UPS truck just as I was hearing that bit of fictional dialogue? I can imagine a neophyte angel thinking, How did you do that? What if the line I’ve quoted from the story isn’t actually in the novel?

And what if there wasn’t really a UPS truck crossing the intersection in the opposite direction? Maybe the demon’s game was to present me with visual and auditory data that did not correspond with objects matching the data. Who knows what minor demons are capable of?

The point is, if there was a purpose in the coincidence, I have no idea what it was, and this makes it less likely that, if there was a purpose, realization of that purpose depended on my discerning that purpose.

Now, what do I actually believe? Do I believe there was a purpose in the coincidence? I do not. But this is imprecise. Not believing that there was a purpose is not the same as believing there was no purpose. I might simply be agnostic about whether the coincidence served some purpose.

So am I agnostic? No. I believe that no purpose was served.

I should have a reason for believing this, shouldn’t I?

My chief reason for believing that no purpose was served by the event is that attributing a reason does not comport with my worldview. Or rather, my worldview provides no basis for attributing a reason for the coincidence.

What we make of coincidences often is a matter of worldview commitments. Some coincidences do, for me, invite an inference to the agency of some superhuman or supernatural agent. Apparent answers to prayer, for example.

Here’s a question for fellow theists who believe that God exists and is a personal being who created the universe and sustains it in existence, others like me who affirm a doctrine of meticulous divine providence:

How do you decided whether this or that ‘coincidence’ is the occurrence of an event serving some special purpose intended by a superhuman or supernatural being?

Bonus Question: Is the angel/demon image posted here too provocative? Is it poor judgment to use it here?

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About Doug Geivett
University Professor; PhD in philosophy; author; conference speaker. Hobbies include motorcycling, travel, kayaking, sailing.

6 Responses to Coincidences of Life – Ender’s Game and a UPS Truck

  1. Pingback: Geivett on Coincidence | if and only if…

  2. Tom Wanchick says:

    Even if we took a Calvinist view wherein God directly controlled Doug’s listening to the audio book at the very moment he saw the UPS truck (and also controlled the UPS driver to be at that place right at that moment), I doubt we could still rule this out as being a kind of chance coincidence. For what if God’s willing both these things had broader purposes (e.g., if Doug had been at that location 20 seconds earlier, he would’ve been in an accident and/or the UPS driver would’ve missed out on an important conversation if he’d gotten there later). In that case, the fact that Doug spotted the UPS truck at that time did not in itself have a deeper meaning, i.e., God was not communicating anything by orchestrating that. Just a thought.

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  3. Alex says:

    You ask yourself: what purpose does this coincidence serve me? Your answer: no. And yet it had a purpose for you: to be blogged about by you. Did it have that purpose before you decided it did? Yes, but though it had the purpose before you decided it did, it nevertheless had that purpose because you decided, and it had the purpose, for all eternity. And all this, I believe, because of your worldview –the doctrine of divine meticulous providence.

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  4. Win Corduan says:

    I think that one has to distinguish between the ontological component, which includes God’s efficient and transcendent causality and an epistemological aspect that entails that we can discern God’s final causality in the event. The former does not imply the latter. Except, of course, that the “coincidence” led you to speculate on the nature of the universe. 🙂

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  5. Paul Pardi says:

    Hey Doug. If this event was special and intended by a supernatural agent, it seems odd that you would have to “decide” anything. All the guesswork itself seems to me to be an indication that the event was not special and that no intentionality was involved. In other words, assuming there might be some special purpose behind the coincidence, the fact that the intention behind it is so obscure seems to be evidence that it was not intentional. This carries even more weight if we suppose this supernatural being is anything like the Christian God. The fact that you might need to decipher events to decide whether those events were intentional seems to me to be evidence against its intentionality. If you ask further questions like, “How do you know this supernatural being didn’t want it to be ambiguous and obscure?” you end up in an epistemic regress and it seems to only compound the problem.

    Your bonus questions: the image is provocative (whether it’s too provocative is a matter of opinion I suppose). Whether it was poor judgement depends on what you hoped to provoke. I can tell you that the image (which showed up in my Facebook feed) is the only reason I clicked on the link.

    Actually, your bonus questions are intriguing to me by virtue of the fact that you thought you had to ask them in the first place.

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  6. Win Corduan says:

    Doug, the cute demons may be attractive, but that does not make them inappropriate. God created female pulchritude. Bad art maybe, bad theology, most likely, but fun. I feel sorry for anyone who would take them seriously.
    How could your listening to the reference to UPS trucks and seeing a UPS truck possibly be a coincidence? Which one of those two events would be beyond God’s control? You can call it a “conincidence” if by that term you mean that there are two event that appear unrelated to you in every causal respect. Additionally, you can assert, (as you come close to), that if their occurence is not a coincidence, then it does not follow that a) their conjunction is significant, or b) that you would have an explanation for their conjunction. However, in a theistic universe, in which God is sovereign, there can be no gratuitous events or chance events.
    Have a great day.
    Win

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