December 7, 2010 1 Comment
Today we commemorate “Pearl Harbor Day.” Sixty-nine years ago, “Battleship Row,” in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, was attacked with vehement force and incomprehensible destruction by the Imperial Japanese Navy. The next day, in his address to Congress and an anxious nation, President Franklin D. Roosevelt called December 7, 1941 “a date which will live in infamy.” And thus we were drawn into fatal conflict with Japan, and soon after, with Germany.
And it is fitting that we should remember America’s war effort, even during this Christmas season.
- It was during this season that the United States entered the war with Japan, in direct response to the attack on Pearl Harbor.
- American service men and women engaged the enemy for several consecutive Christmases during World War II.
- Notable events of the Second War happened during the Christmas season.
- Today, the United States is engaged in war in the Middle East, and many American men and women will be far from home at Christmas, while others prepare to be deployed.
Film provides us with a unique way to remember. Here is a list of a few films that recall Pearl Harbor and Christmas during wartime:
Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970)
This is the classic reenactment of events during the attack on Pearl Harbor. It re-tells what happened, from both the American and the Japanese perspectives.
Pearl Harbor (2001)
Two boyhood friends, Navy pilots stationed at Pearl Harbor, endure the trauma of the attack.
Joyeux Noël (2005)
I first recommended this film last year. It recalls a most unusual Christmas eve encounter—called “the Christmas Truce”on the World War I German front, between the Germans on the one side and the French and Scottish forces on the other. Joyeux Noël is on my list of movies to see again each Christmas season.
Stalag 17 (1953)
This may seem an odd entry. First, Christmas plays an understated role in the film. Second, this is a Billy Wilder comedy. Third, it is an older movie, filmed in black and white. But in its defense, note that Stalag 17 was one of the first films to join laughter with the ignominy of war. In it we observe a group of men courageously, though often raucously, making the best of a bad situation. Yes, there is comedy, some of it (okay, much of it) silly. This is, after all, a Billy Wilder product. But there also is pathos and suspense.
On close inspection, many people today, with no war experience at all, can relate to the diverse feelings exhibited by these men, feelings that are compounded during the holidays. Loneliness. Unrequited love. Disillusionment. Alienation.
Wilder was an intelligent director. He was interested in far more than the easy laugh. You see this in Stalag 17 when you pay close attention. Grown men revert to childishness to comfort themselves. They are resourceful, both at play and in the attempt to re-gain their freedom. Group dynamics are explored with sensitivity to how leadership and courage are perceived by others, what happens when the wrong person is blamed for serious misconduct, how trust is built up, then dissolved, and what people are willing to sacrifice for the good of others.
Stalag 17 stars William Holden, Otto Preminger, and Peter Graves (of the original Mission Impossible TV series). The movie was the “inspiration” for the TV series Hogan’s Heroe’s, which even “borrowed” the Sergeant Schultz character.
I saw this movie for the first time last night, and I recommend it.
Recommended links related to the attack on Pearl Harbor:
- The Pearl Harbor Day Page
- Wikipedia Article
- Imperial Rescript of Japan’s declaration of war on the United States of American and on the British Empire
- FDR’s Infamy Speech (text)
- FDR’s Infamy Speech (audio); especially recommended
- U.S. Naval History: Organization of the Japanese Air Attack Units
- Arthur H. McCollum’s “Eight Action Memo” of October 7, 1940
- Pearl Harbor Casualty List
Links related to Christmas during World War I and World War II:
- Christmas Truce (Wikipedia)
- Christmas Truce (firstworldwar.com)
- Christmas in a World War II German Prisoner of War Camp
- Christmas and the World War II Gyrene
- The Soldier’s Christmas Poem, by Grant Hays
- Collectible World War II Christmas Cards
Do you have a movie to recommend that fits the category of this post? Of so, please let us know in the comment box.
The movies mentioned here: